“In a world devoted to the logic of profit,” wrote Mr Spadaro, hackers and Christians have “much to give each other” as they promote a more positive vision of work, sharing and creativity.
He is not the only person to see an affinity between the open-source hacker ethos and Christianity.
Cathedrals and bazaars Mr Spadaro recognises these tensions but finds them manageable. Eric Raymond, author of a classic essay on open-source software, “The Cathedral and the Bazaar”, finds it hard to believe that some Christians want to canonise the hacker mindset.
After being quoted in Mr Spadaro's paper, Mr Raymond took to his own website to note that he had deliberately equated cathedrals with proprietary, closed-source software directed from above, by contrast with the more chaotic bazaar of equals which produces open-source code.
Marco Fioretti, co-founder of the group, says open-source software teaches the “practical dimension of community and service to others that is already in the church message”. Commercial software such as Microsoft Word is widely pirated in many parts of the world, by Catholics as well as others.
In light of the Ashley Madison hack, Dashlane examined 24 of the world’s most popular dating sites and ranked their approach to password security.
Whether in this world or the world to come, if we don't turn from our sins and renounce them, they will catch up with us and find us out. As Paul wrote to Timothy, "The sins of some people are conspicuous, going before them to judgment, but the sins of others appear later" (1 Timothy ).
One way or another, sooner or later, we reap what we sow, and if you want to avoid an embarrassing harvest, don't sow embarrassing seeds.
Catholic open-source advocates have founded a group called Elèutheros to encourage the church to endorse such software.
Its manifesto refers to “strong ideal affinities between Christianity, the philosophy of free software, and the adoption of open formats and protocols”.(He uses the word hacking in its traditional, noble sense within computing circles, to refer to building or tinkering with code, rather than breaking into websites.